It's a series of contraints that allow or restrict access to the local storage based in specific criteria.
The security constraints remain on the shoulders of the plugin being used, by default
verdaccio uses the htpasswd plugin. If you use a different plugin the behaviour might be different. The default plugin does not handle
allow_publish by itself, it uses an internal fallback in case the plugin is not ready for it.
For more information about permissions visit the authentification section in the wiki.
Cách sử dụng
# scoped packages
# allow all users (including non-authenticated users) to read and
# publish all packages
if none is specified, the default one remains
The list internal groups handled by
'$all', '$anonymous', '@all', '@anonymous', 'all', 'undefined', 'anonymous'
All users receive all those set of permissions independently of is anonymous or not plus the groups provided by the plugin, in case of
htpasswd return the username as a group. For instance, if you are logged as
npmUser the list of groups will be.
// groups without '$' are going to be deprecated eventually
'$all', '$anonymous', '@all', '@anonymous', 'all', 'undefined', 'anonymous', 'npmUser'
If you want to protect specific set packages under your group, you need to do something like this. Let's use a
Regex that covers all prefixed
npmuser- packages. We recommend using a prefix for your packages, in that way it will be easier to protect them.
verdaccio and in your console try to install
$ npm install npmuser-core
npm install npmuser-core
npm ERR! code E403
npm ERR! 403 Forbidden: npmuser-core@latest
npm ERR! A complete log of this run can be found in:
npm ERR! /Users/user/.npm/_logs/2017-07-02T12_20_14_834Z-debug.log
You can change the existing behaviour using a different plugin authentication.
verdaccio just checks whether the user that tried to access or publish a specific package belongs to the right group.
Please note that if you set the
access permission of a package to something that requires Verdaccio to check your identity, for example
$authenticated, npm does not send your access key by default when fetching packages. This means all requests for downloading packages will be rejected as they are made anonymously even if you have logged in. To make npm include you access key with all requests, you should set the always-auth npm setting to true on any client machines. This can be accomplished by running:
$ npm config set always-auth=true
Set multiple groups
Defining multiple access groups is fairly easy, just define them with a white space between them.
access: admin internal
access: secret super-secret-area ultra-secret-area
publish: secret ultra-secret-area
Blocking access to set of packages
If you want to block the access/publish to a specific group of packages. Just do not define
Blocking proxying a set of specific packages
You might want to block one or several packages from fetching from remote repositories., but, at the same time, allow others to access different uplinks.
Let's see the following example:
Let's describe what we want with the above example:
- I want to host my own
jquerydependency but I need to avoid proxying it.
- I want all dependencies that match with
my-company-*but I need to avoid proxying them.
- I want all dependencies that are in the
my-local-scopescope but I need to avoid proxying them.
- I want proxying for all the rest of the dependencies.
Be aware that the order of your packages definitions is important and always use double wilcard. Because if you do not include it
verdaccio will include it for you and the way that your dependencies are resolved will be affected.
Use multiple uplinks
You may assign multiple uplinks for use as a proxy to use in the case of failover, or where there may be other private registries in use.
proxy: npmjs uplink2
publish handle permissions for
npm publish and
npm unpublish. But, if you want to be more specific, you can use the property
unpublish in your package access section, for instance:
# unpublish: property commented out
In the previous example, the behaviour would be described:
- all users can publish the
jquerypackage, but only the user
rootwould be able to unpublish any version.
- only authenticated users can publish
my-company-*packages, but nobody would be allowed to unpublish them.
unpublishis commented out, the access will be granted or denied by the
You can define mutiple
packages and each of them must have an unique
Regex. The syntax is based on minimatch glob expressions.
|Thuộc tính||Phương thức||Yêu cầu||Ví dụ||Hỗ trợ||Miêu tả|
|access||chuỗi||Không||$all||tất cả||define groups allowed to access the package|
|publish||chuỗi||Không||$authenticated||tất cả||define groups allowed to publish|
|proxy||chuỗi||Không||npmjs||tất cả||limit look ups for specific uplink|
|storage||chuỗi||Không||chuỗi||it creates a subfolder whithin the storage folder for each package access|
We higlight that we recommend to not use allow_access/allow_publish and proxy_access anymore, those are deprecated and will soon be removed, please use the short version of each of those (access/publish/proxy).
If you want more information about how to use the storage property, please refer to this comment.